'''Edgar Allan Poe''' (; born '''Edgar Poe'''; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and Literary criticism|literary critic
. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of Mystery (fiction)|mystery
and the macabre
. Widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism
in the United States and American literature as a whole, he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. Poe is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction
genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction
He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
Born in Boston, Poe was the second child of two actors. His father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died the following year. Thus... ]